Nuclear culture in Japan. Pt 2: Road trip through Fukushima exclusion zone

giacomo:

Post-Nuclear Trip in Fukushima / how soil is treated

Originally posted on Nicola Triscott:

After my lecture at the Actinium nuclear forum in Sapporo, a group of us (Arts Catalyst team and artists with Kyoko Tachibana from our partners S-AIR) travelled by plane and bullet train to Fukushima City (located 60km from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant). If we weren’t already aware of what we were heading into, this was the first thing we saw on leaving the rail station:

Geiger counter, Fukushima City

Geiger counter, Fukushima City

Fukushima City was not evacuated after the disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant after the earthquake and tsunami in 2011.  Fukushima City is the prefectural capital with a population of more than 280,000.

We met with Shuji Akagi, an artist and high school art teacher, who lives in Fukushima City (his work was shown in the Actinium exhibition and he spoke at the forum). Since 2011, Shuji, has been meticulously photographically documenting the decontamination of the city. He took us…

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In-Situ Kick-Off

The project In-Situ, a process to transform wastelands in a more participative way, has started with a kick-off event on 21st of June. In-Situ will activate the vacant and underused open spaces of the Gelatine Fabriek next to the Hasselt’s harbour. In-Situ offers a modular structure that can be adapted by local inhabitants and organisations in order to facilitate the organisation of activities and events. The focus of these actions is to generate a more open debate about the future developments of the area, on- site. The project has been developed for DiverCity, a public exhibition organised in CIAP Art Centre within the frame of DE UNIE Public Art route that will last until the 5th of October 2104. Check the project website for more info.

 

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Water Hackers Workshop

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Within the frame of the in-progress exhibition in Bourglinster (Luxembourg) we have organised a workshop about our ongoing project called ‘Water Hackers’, a research for a more open water infrastructure. Water Hackers aims at innovating water infrastructure, not by reinventing it from scratch, but by connecting what is already there and hacking into society in search for concrete proposals for future models, strategies and products.

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The project started during the last year at the Science Festival in Luxembourg where we documented the problematics of water on a video showing the bacterial contamination of the river Alzette. For this workshop we didn’t want to find the ultimate solution for our water problems but rather we focused on collecting an archive of already existing researches, concepts and activities related with water.

water tasting barWe have also experimented a ‘Water tasting’ bar for trying to detect the flavours of water from different kind of sources.

water_hackers_inprogressSome participants have used existing innovations for envisage future scenarios and products.

Workshop Table2

Thanks to this workshop we had the possibility to imagine, connect and frame new ideas coming from a multidisciplinary group. However, our aim is to give them the potential to grow by connecting with inhabitants and businesses of Luxembourg which are interested in exploring ways to stimulate small changes.

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Thank to the participants: Jan, Koen, Giacomo, Philippe, Lisa, Lynn, Marck and Gregor.

 

IN-SITU / art in public space

Plants have always fascinated me. I grow up in a small village close to the Alps, in the North-East of Italy. I still remember when at the age of eighteen my father started a garden in a vacant plot,  a ‘contrada’ we call it in Italy, a small group houses at the foot of the mountain.  During my studies in design plants become the tools to express my everyday needs while designing objects and spaces.

Immagine

IN-SITU, the project I am working at the moment, is a temporary installation that offers tools and space to transform wastelands. Transforming wastelands is a complex design process because of the inter-workings of social and economical challenges.Immagine

 

The project investigates alternatives to heal vacant spaces in a more participatory way. The installation includes also modular sitting facilities to enhance the accessibility and use of the vacant space by passengers and citizens. By mixing public furniture and green, local residents and site developers are invited to confront during a series of open activities like workshops, lunches, talks, etc.

Immagine

 

IN-SITU form part of the public art project DE UNIE, in partnership with CIAP, centre for contemporary art. The project initiated during the last year when I presented a movie about possible futures for the remediation of the many polluted areas that spot the area (see map below). The project will be located on strategic points along two main routes (red and green lines) connecting Hasselt and Genk.

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Fabulous Wastelands

We live in cities full of errors and soil contamination is one of them. Behind their intrinsic guiltiness, these contaminated sites often bear important aesthetic and identity qualities. Transforming these toxic land is difficult because the inter-workings of social, political and technical challenges. But this situation can also be the start of change for the better: awareness, concern, action. Cities are open fields for the exploration of new ways of living and they have the potential to become the best living environments that we can imagine.

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Although wastelands are used in a negative connotation, I started to see a lot of potential in them because they allow the experimentation of new relationships between humans and nature. The clean up of an area is an opportunity to also regenerate the social fabric of the neighbourhood which suffer from the negative aspects of contamination. This process should not be considered only as a quick technical execution. 

“City is not a problem, city is solution.” – Jaime Lerner

There are remarkable examples of how participative design practices can be an agent for urban transformation. Soil Kitchen by FutureFarmers was a temporary public art project that rehabilitated an abandoned building into a multifunctional space where citizens could participate in ecological activities in exchange of soil samples of their gardens. The field guide to phytoremediation of You are the city is an other example of encouraging citizens to transform vacant plots.

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“We need to start out from an open playing field and making a case for ‘not knowing’, not assuming to know what the outcome might be”

Engagement is sublimated by autonomy. So we can use autonomy to improve and transform. In a recent interview Tatjana Schneider suggested methods to envisage users of space becoming active actors. The key thing is for designers to bring a holistic approach to their designs for spaces that include cultural, economic, ecological and even spiritual components and to make this process visible and physical. In this way, I started to look of how empower local persons who care about their environment in order to imagine new possibilities to use these areas. Therefore, supporting strategic interventions in these polluted areas could generate interesting scenarios because the collaborative endeavour of testing, planting, and maintaining the plants re-builds a sense of ownership and social investment among residents and other actors involved in this multi-year process. 

Workshop Differdange

A workshop in Differdange poses a timely challenge: when innovation by such complex issues as up-cycling, mobility , environment or space industry are balanced the desire to do something positive, with the need to understand the back story and the future innovation before we intervene?

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The event has been organised in the creative hub 1535 C by the University of Luxembourg (Kilian Gericke) and Luxinnovation (Jan Glas) for the students of the Certificate in Sustainable Development and Social Innovation Course. The event has asked four design companies to pose a question and further develop solutions using a typical charette.  For our group we worked around the question “Can we imagine new scenario to transform wasteland together?”.

Taking the area as a case study, the results of the workshop leaded to two scenarios of requalification of the polluted land by means of phytoremediation. After having understood the environmental and social challenges of the area we started to build a scenario with scrap materials collected around the factory. The participants were particularly attracted on connecting the heritage of the steel factory with educational facilities and green touristic routes for the benefit of the locals.  The most encouraging feature of the workshop is that it posed new questions on the project and without pre-packaged solutions. In that sense, it passes a key to use more what is already there.

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Farming Pollution System / Triennial of Design in Flanders

Farming Pollution System  has been developed during 2013 in the Belgian region of Limburg with the intent of developing a design system to clean up soil pollution.

The project is on show during Conflict&Design, Triennial of Design in Flanders,  C-Mine, Genk. From the 15th December 2013 to 9th March 2014.

Farming Pollution-System in short:

Conflict: 10% of the 450,000 home oil tanks used for heating purposes in Flanders leak because of corrosion.
Design: A system that empower people to clean their soil by means of phytoremediation, a method whereby plants and microorganisms are activated to clean polluted ground.

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